National Canine Cancer Foundation to fund a new innovative Hemangiosarcoma (HSA) Research Project

June 19th, 2014

I have some new exciting news. As you all know we are always trying to find an new edge in the battle against canine cancer. And Hemangiosarcoma (HSA) is one of those cancers we would like to get a better handle on since it seems to end up being diagnosed too late to save the dog. In fact, we are so keen on finding out how to deal with HSA that we have actually initiated our own research project on HSA with G. Elizabeth Pluhar, D.V.M., Ph.D., and John Ohlfest, Ph.D. This is very exciting for the NCCF because this type of research on HSA has never been tried. Let me tell you how it all came about by first talking about a dog name Batman.

Batman was the first dog to undergo a breakthrough experimental treatment for brain cancer, led by doctors, G. Elizabeth Pluhar, D.V.M., Ph.D., and John Ohlfest, Ph.D. They developed a combination treatment plan for dogs with glioma, a very aggressive and relatively common form of brain cancer. First they removed the tumor surgically. Then, in some cases, they use local gene therapy to attract immune cells to destroy remaining tumor cells, and finally they created a personalized anti-cancer vaccine made from the dog’s own cancer cells to prevent tumor recurrence.

I personally love the thought of taking a cancer that was killing a dog and turning it into a personalized vaccine to kill the cancer!

Dr. Pluhar, a surgeon at the Veterinary Medical Center, and Dr. Ohlfest, head of the neurosurgery gene therapy program at the Masonic Cancer Center, gave Batman his initial treatment in August 2008. Batman led a normal life unaffected by his tumor until his death from cardiac failure in February 2010, there was no tumor recurrence. According to the Dean of the College, Trevor Ames, DVM, MS, “the far-reaching implications of this promising new treatment are almost difficult to fathom; not only could these treatments lead to a cure for brain and other systemic cancers in dogs, but because dogs and humans share many physiological traits, dogs could also be the missing link in the cure for brain cancer in humans.”

Then something interesting happened. Almost one year ago, Davis Hawn’s then 8-year-old yellow lab, Booster, was diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma in his nasal sinus. Booster was given three weeks to live. Hawn did not want to accept the death sentence and began searching the country for a cure. His search led him to doctors in Florida who removed Booster’s tumor and gave him chemo. An online search then led him to Dr. Elizabeth Pluhar from the University of Minnesota’s canine brain tumor clinical program. Davis asked her to help his dog, but Dr. Pluhar had never made a vaccine for this type of cancer before. But Davis was not going to take no for an answer so she did agree to try. She shipped the vaccine off and ten months later Booster is cancer free.

Then after Davis contacted the NCCF to tell us about how well the vaccine works, we contacted Dr. Pluhar to ask if she would be willing to try the same research that was successful with brain cancer and skin cancer, and use the same protocol to try dealing with splenic HSA. The NCCF’s thinking is that with all these other cancers, the similarities were that the cancer had to be removed and a vaccine needed to be created from the cancer cells. With splenic HSA, one of the more common forms of HSA, the spleen is typically removed so we felt that Dr. Pluhar’s research could possibly work. With that in mind, we asked her if she could try and apply her protocol on splenic HSA. After doing some initial research she agreed to do the study based on reaching certain goals before going on to the next level.

First, she needs to insure that we can culture the cancer cells in the lab,

Second, she needs to insure that the tumor vaccines stimulate immune cells to attack tumor cells. If she can achieve these two steps she can go on to treat the HSA cancer. We could not be happier and are guardedly optimistic over this research project.

The cost for this project will be $55,500. I hope you are all as excited as we are about this research and will help fund the project. If you want to help with funding this new innovative NCCF’s initiated project please CLICK HERE or got to this link

http://wearethecure.org/giving/index.php?main_page=product_info&cPath=2&products_id=70

Thank you

Gary D. Nice
President and Founder
National Canine Cancer Foundation

When to take a dog to the vet ASAP?

April 16th, 2015

How do you know when your dog’s health problem is life threatening and requires immediate veterinarian attention?

Here is a list of the top 10 most common dog emergencies seen in the vet ER:

1. Dog trauma

If your dog has sustained some form of trauma such as a fall, gunshot wound, getting hit by a car or is involved in a dog fight then immediate veterinary attention is needed. Even if your dog appears fine initially a check-up with your veterinarian is still necessary because sometimes injuries sustained from a traumatic event such as a ruptured lung, diaphragmatic hernia or internal bleeding will not manifest symptoms immediately. Wounds such as lacerations and bite wounds may be deeper than they appear and complications such as infection can result from delaying veterinary attention. Sometimes the traumatic event is not witnessed by the owner, if you find your dog limping, seemingly in pain or is just not acting right then it would be best to have her checked out.

2. Dog has difficulty breathing

Dyspnea is also known as difficulty breathing and can manifest as wheezing, choking, weak and raspy breathing or respiratory arrest. This can be caused by a foreign body in the throat, allergic reaction, heart disease or pulmonary disease. If there is a foreign body present it is important not to try and extract it yourself – doing so may lodge the object even deeper, completely obstructing the airway. Breathing problems almost always indicate major dog health problems so do not wait to take immediate action.

3. Dog neurological conditions

Neurological problems can manifest in your dog as disorientation, incoordination, severe lethargy, unresponsiveness, and coma. A normal healthy dog is bright, alert and responsive; any pronounced change in your dog’s mental status requires immediate veterinary attention. Lethargy and weakness can be seen with any serious illness and should never be ignored. Sometimes neurological disorders do not affect mentation (for instance loss of use of the hind limbs can sometimes be cause by a ruptured intervertebral disc). Again these are serious disorders that need prompt veterinary attention to achieve the most favorable outcome.

4. Dog seizures

Seizures are also considered a neurological condition but are so common in dogs it deserves its own category. Any dog that has never experienced a seizure before needs to be seen immediately. Signs associated with a seizure include uncontrollable shaking and tremors, loss of consciousness, paddling with the legs and possible loss of bowel or urinary control. The most common cause of seizures in dogs is epilepsy. If your dog is diagnosed as epileptic not every seizure will constitute an emergency. If your dog has multiple seizures within a 24-hour period or if a seizure lasts longer than a couple minutes then your epileptic dog may need immediate veterinary attention. Talk to your veterinarian more about how to manage epilepsy and what to watch for. Other causes of seizures include hypoglycemia in puppies, insulinoma in older dogs and toxicities in dogs of all ages.

5. Suspected or known toxic exposure

You found a chewed up rat bait while running some laundry down to the basement or you notice the bag of fertilizer in the garden shed has been ripped open. If you suspect your dog has gotten into something potentially toxic call the ASPCA animal poison control at (888) 426-4435 for immediate advice on what to do. A veterinary toxicologist may advise you to induce vomiting, seek immediate veterinary attention or simply monitor at home if the substance ingested turns out to be innocuous. Keep a bottle of hydrogen peroxide in the house at all times in case you are ever asked to induce vomiting.

6. Dog vomiting and dog diarrhea

Vomiting and diarrhea are common problems in dogs and while they can be signs of a serious dog health issues the majority of cases are simple gastric upset that typically resolves within 24 hours. If your dog is otherwise acting fine then rest the stomach by withholding food for 4 to 6 hours and make sure your dog has access to plenty of water so they can stay hydrated. If she develops additional clinical signs such as lethargy, weakness or seems to be in pain then immediate veterinary attention is indicated. Also if vomiting or diarrhea persists more than 24 hours OR you notice blood in the vomitus or the diarrheas then go see your veterinarian immediately. If your dog has a chronic medical problem such as diabetes and starts vomiting then it is not recommended to wait 24 hours and to seek veterinary attention as soon as possible.

7. Dog distended abdomen or abdominal pain

If you notice your dog’s abdomen is distended and she seems to be in pain and/or uncomfortable then a serious medical problem necessitating immediate veterinary care is likely. Abdominal distension may be accompanied by dry heaves, retching, weakness, collapse and difficulty breathing. Abdominal distension can be caused by air trapped in the stomach which can cause the stomach to twist over on itself. This condition is known as gastric dilatation-volvulus—or commonly “bloat” – and usually occurs in large breed dogs. This is life threatening if not treated and the sooner you go to the veterinarian the better your dog’s odds for a positive outcome will be. Other reasons for abdominal distension can be fluid distension (ascites) from heart disease and hemoabdomen from internal bleeding such as a ruptured spleen.

8. Dog ocular problems

Eye problems in dogs have a nasty tendency to deteriorate faster than problems in other areas. These problems can quickly escalate into loss of the eye and blindness if not treated especially glaucoma. Signs of ocular disease include redness of the eye, discharge, excessive tearing swelling, squinting and constant pawing at the eye. Even if it is just a foreign body in the eye or a superficial scratch on the cornea prompt veterinary treatment can prevent a minor problem from becoming a serious one.

9. Dog urinary problems

If you notice your dog is not producing any urine then go see your veterinarian as soon as possible. While much more common dog health problem in cats than dogs, urinary blockages do occur and are life-threatening. If you notice difficulty urinating or blood in the urine then see your veterinarian as soon as possible because it may indicate a urinary infection or urinary stones that can escalate to blockage if not treated.

10. Dog whelping emergencies

If your dog goes into labor and you notice that more than four hours pass without any puppies, strains for more than 30 minutes without results or more than two hours elapse between puppies then she may be experiencing dystocia. Call your veterinarian immediately for advice.

This list is by no means all inclusive of definite emergencies but is a compilation of the more common dog health emergencies seen. If there is something going on with your dog and you are not sure if it is an emergency or not, be aware that help is just a phone call away. Always have the number of your regular veterinarian, the ASPCA poison control and the number of your local 24-hour emergency clinic available. As a dog owner you know your dog best – if you suspect something is wrong do not hesitate to call. This one act can sometimes mean the difference between life and death. Never feel embarrassed about calling or being a worrywart because it is better to be safe than sorry.

Article reposted from:
http://www.cesarsway.com/dog-care/health/Top-Reasons-to-Immediately-Go-to-the-Vet

6 Pet Health Myths You May Have Fallen For

April 14th, 2015

Like that old game of telephone, misinformation has a way of getting around – and around again. Pet care isn’t immune to the game. To help clear things up, here’s a list of some of the most popular misconceptions about pet health and the truth behind them.

Have you heard that the only way to reward a dog is with food? Unfortunately, this is a very common misconception among pet owners. Image credit: Thinkstock

Myth 1: Parasite Prevention Isn’t Necessary Year-round

In truth, many vets want pet owners to think of parasite prevention as preventive medicine. Some parasites, like roundworms, can infect pets at any time of the year, so only continuous prevention is effective against them. To help keep pets safe from fleas, ticks, heartworms and intestinal parasites, you’ll need to administer broad-spectrum parasite prevention medication; many of these products are administered or applied once every month. Your veterinarian will help you choose the products that will be most helpful to your pets.

Myth 2: Neutering Makes Dogs Soft

Neutering male dogs can quiet certain unpleasant tendencies (such as mounting behavior and urine marking) when done at a young age. At the same time, it won’t diminish skills that are characteristic of a breed – like hunting. What’s more, neutering also can help protect against testicular cancer and an enlarged prostate.

Myth 3: Urine Marking Is Just a Cat’s Way of Staking His Territory

Though cats sometimes use urine to mark their claim, frequent urination outside the litterbox can signal a serious health problem, like a urinary tract infection, bladder stones or even diabetes or renal failure. Sometimes inappropriate urination can signal that your cat is suffering from anxiety. If your cat goes outside his litterbox once or twice, it’s worth a call to the vet to see if you should be concerned. But if he’s having frequent “accidents,” making numerous trips to the litterbox, howling or meowing while urinating, seems unable to urinate or has any blood in the urine, take him to your veterinarian right away.

Myth 4: It’s OK to Skip Brushing Pets’ Teeth

Failure to brush regularly can lead to serious gum disease and significantly decrease your pet’s overall quality of life. When started at a young age, many pets enjoy teeth brushing! Even many older cats and dogs can learn to love it when you introduce it slowly and make it fun. Visit your veterinarian for toothbrushing pointers and advice — such as avoiding using toothpaste for people, because the fluoride can cause health problems in dogs and cats.

Myth 5: Itchy Ears Must Mean Ear Mites

When your canine’s ears start to itch, don’t immediately assume it’s ear mites and don’t attempt to treat the itch without seeking out your veterinarian’s advice. The itching could be due to a yeast or bacterial infection that requires appropriate medication to treat. Those infections typically occur as a result of food or inhalant allergy or another underlying medical issue. Plus, if your dog’s ear issues are allergy related, a one-time treatment might not do the trick. Your veterinarian will explain how to soothe your dog’s itchy ears.

Myth 6: The Only Way to Show Pets Love Is Through Food

Pets’ longing looks at your food or their empty food bowls do tug at the heartstrings. But feeding pets too much isn’t affectionate; it’s a health risk. Obesity can lead to other medical problems including skin issues, orthopedic complications, arthritis and heart and liver troubles. Don’t get hung up on the portion recommendations on a bag of pet food — those recommendations are general and might not illustrate the amount your pet needs to eat. Speak to your veterinarian about the portion size that’s best for your pet. And remember that when you want to show your pets a little love, active playtime is one of the best ways to do it!

Article reposted from:
http://www.vetstreet.com/our-pet-experts/6-pet-health-myths-you-may-have-fallen-for

Canine Cancer patients shedding light on Human Cancer

April 13th, 2015

If you have cancer and your dog has cancer, it turns out you may be treated with the exact same drugs.

An innovative initiative at the University of Missouri combines traditional cancer research and care with veterinary medicine. This benefits our canine friends and, ultimately, human cancer patients.

Dr. Jeff Bryan walks with Susie at the University of Missouri veterinary school. (Photo by Bridgit Bowden/ Flatland)

Dr. Carolyn Henry, a veterinary oncologist at the University of Missouri veterinary school, said — unlike lab mice — dogs get cancer naturally just like humans. Their cancers are more likely to behave like human cancer when treated.

Dr. Carolyn Henry is a professor of oncology at the University of Missouri Veterinary School.

“It’s the same disease. It really doesn’t matter what the species is,” Henry said. “It’s the same disease if it occurs naturally. And so, answers in one species should translate to answers in other species, in many cases.”

At the University of Missouri animal hospital in March, veterinary oncologist Dr. Jeff Bryan treated a 13-year-old dog named Susie for a possible tumor in her bladder.

He said our pets face the same environmental risk factors for cancer that humans do.

Dr. Jeff Bryan is an associate professor of oncology at the University of Missouri Veterinary School.

“They have all the same exposures that we have in our lives,” Bryan said. “They breathe our air, they may breathe our cigarette smoke. They live in our houses, they drink our drinking water.”

Thanks to an initiative called One Health/One Medicine, university researchers and doctors are working together to develop new treatments for cancer. Some of the drugs, like one called Quadramet, were developed at the university’s nuclear research reactor.

David Robertson, the reactor’s associate director of research and education, said timing is crucial while working with radioactive isotopes that break down over time.

“If I make Samarium 153 in the reactor on Monday, by Wednesday, half of it is gone,” Robertson said. “By Friday, I only have a quarter of it left. If I’m going to use this radioactive material in new drug development for something that has a half-life that short, it’s very convenient to have the vet school, the med school, the chemistry and isotope production all located on the same campus.”

Susie, a patient at the University of Missouri veterinary school, is being treated for a possible bladder tumor.

Quadramet was tested first in dogs at the university’s veterinary school. Because dogs age much faster than humans, their cancers also advance much more quickly. That means if you’re a clinical researcher, you’ll see results sooner.

“What you would see as a five-year survival success rate in people would probably correlate to a one-year survival rate in a dog, so we definitely get our answers more quickly,” Henry said.

Bryan said pet owners who have been touched by cancer themselves are often the ones to seek more experimental treatment for their pets.

“They have a really personal motivation to try and help their animal,” Bryan said. “And those are often the patients we see in clinical trials because they want the cancer their animal has to be meaningful in the whole large scheme of fighting cancer.”

Here, Bryan is echoing something oncologists frequently say: that clinical trials are key to innovation in cancer research — both for humans and for our dogs.

Article reposted from:
http://www.flatlandkc.org/health/canine-cancer-patients-sick-people/
By Bridgit Bowden

The Benefits Of Coconut Oil For Dogs

April 10th, 2015

Coconut oil is a fantastic addition to a dog’s diet. More and more people are discovering the amazing health benefits of virgin, unrefined coconut oil. We are now learning that this healthy oil is also extremely beneficial for our dogs as well! Coconut oil consists of approximately 90% saturated fats, yet most of those fats are Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCTs). The main component of the MCTs in coconut oil is lauric acid; which is antiviral, anti-fungal, antibacterial and helps to balance the immune system. MCTs are an excellent source of energy and are extremely easy to digest, as they do not require lipase or gall bladder bile to digest – making it easily processed in the body.

Coconut oil is very beneficial to the skin and coat:

The addition of this oil to the diet can result in the alleviation of skin conditions such as itchy skin, eczema and allergies. Coconut oil can reduce allergic reactions and improve the overall health of the skin and coat while making fur soft and shiny. Coconut oil can be used to deodorize as well, which makes it a phenomenal toothpaste substitute for dogs with stinky breath. Coconut oil can also be used to treat both fungal and yeast infections, including candida overgrowth.

Due to the antibacterial properties of coconut oil you can apply it topically to disinfect wounds and skin abrasions and promote quick healing. I have used coconut oil topically on Hunter with nice results, I find that it speeds the recovery significantly while keeping the wound clean. Apply coconut oil to hot spots, insect bites and stings, scrapes and scratches for protection and healing.

This fantastic oil is also used to treat or improve digestive issues and it is also known for improving digestion and nutrient absorption. Coconut oil is also known to assist in normal regulation of the thyroid, which can also help overweight dogs shed the pounds.

In summary, coconut oil is an extremely healthy oil that consists of mostly saturated fats – but don’t let that put you off! Coconut oil is extremely rich in Medium Chain Triglycerides and contains lauric acid which is very easily digested and converted to energy. Coconut oil improves skin and coat conditions, allergic reactions, improves digestion and nutrient absorption, support a healthy immune system and disinfects wound and promotes fast healing.

The dosage for coconut oil is one tablespoon for every 30lbs of body weight. Try this healthy oil for your pet, you won’t be disappointed!

Article reposted from:
http://www.k9instinct.com/blog/the-benefits-of-coconut-oil-for-dogs
By Angel – K9 Instinct

Sheriff's K-9 handler recounts final days with beloved partner

April 8th, 2015

It’s going to be a very hard and lonely drive to work now for Rowan Sheriff’s Lt. Neal Goodman, after he lost his beloved K-9 partner to an aggressive bone cancer late last week.

The dog, Skylar, had to be put down Sunday, following a trip to the veterinarian.

“It’s the first time in almost 25 years I’ve been without a riding partner,” Goodman said.

Goodman has been the dog’s handler for nearly nine years and noticed the dog developed a limp a few weeks ago. According to the vet, Skylar had osteosarcoma, a fatal bone cancer. She would have only lived about seven more days.

Goodman made the difficult decision to put his longtime partner to sleep in order to end her suffering.

He said it was during some training some weeks ago that he noticed the slight limp. Although he was concerned, Goodman admits he just chalked it up to a twisted ankle. He figured he’d give it a little time to see if would go away.

“It got worse,” he said.

Goodman took Skylar to the vet on March 26 and after an extensive exam and tests, he learned the sad news.

“She had weeks if not days,” Goodman said.

“It was a no-win situation. Keeping her around would’ve been cruel,” he said.

Goodman started full time with the Rowan County Sheriff’s Office on August 1, 1995, a job he says he was lucky to start as a K-9 handler.

Being a K-9 handler is what prompted Goodman’s desire to get into law enforcement, he said.

He wanted to work with dogs and be a handler.

Skylar was his third and he believes his last K-9. He first worked with Fuhrer, a Rottweiler, for nearly 10 years, and then Vito, another Rottweiler, for over 10 years. Both Fuhrer and Vito retired and lived out their final days at Goodman’s home. Both dogs lived until the age of 14, he said.

It’s harder, he said, because the other two work dogs eventually became furry kids to him and his wife. The couple don’t have children and joke that their kids all have four legs and fur. Skylar’s death was so abrupt.

The Goodmans don’t currently have any dogs, but bred Rottweilers in the 1980s. He got Skylar from the Atlantic Rottweiler Rescue Foundation in Mooresville.

Two of Skylar’s most memorable captures included a search for suspects — one an armed robbery on U.S. 601 near Cauble Road and the other a search for a suspect charged with assault with a deadly weapon.

Skylar tracked the robbery suspect to a wooded area with the cash box from the incident and the other was found slumped down in a car at a home about a half a mile away from the incident.

Goodman has been head of the K-9 handler program for the last 20 years and has been very successful with several dogs, a statement from the Sheriff’s Office said.

“All the dogs were partners and protectors and they were my kids,” Goodman said, getting choked up.

Story reposted from:
http://www.salisburypost.com/2015/04/02/sheriffs-k-9-handler-recounts-final-days-with-beloved-partner/
By Shavonne Walker

Be Treatwise with our Dog

April 6th, 2015

Dogs enjoy food – there is certainly no doubt about that. They will often sit by or circle the table at dinner waiting to get your scrumptious leftovers, and you are very likely to cave in when those puppy dog eyes are staring up at you.  What we fail to think about though is that our bodies are very different to the bodies of dogs, and the foods that we might think are healthy for them can actually have the opposite effect on their health.

Who would have thought that food we humans see as healthy, grapes and raisins, could develop into kidney failure within 48 hours of snacking when eaten by a dog? It’s unbearable to even think about!

There are many reasons why you might give your dog your leftovers, whether he deserves it for learning a new trick or because he just won’t leave you alone; it’s not necessarily always a bad thing. There are some foods that we eat that you can give them which are beneficial and may actually improve your dog’s health.

It can be difficult knowing what is healthy for your dog and what isn’t, so make sure you stick to what you know, do some research or speak to your vet.

Can Dogs Eat Bones?

One food to avoid is cooked bones; they splinter more easily so contain more sharp bits which are as painful, if not more, for a dog as we humans. However, it isn’t only boned meat you should be concerned about. If you’ve cooked too many sausages, don’t be tempted by your dog’s imploring look, preservatives in sausages can cause thiamine deficiency which can be fatal.

It’s important to also think about your actions as carelessness can affect your dog. For example, if anti-freeze drips from your car to the ground, its liable to be licked up – which can result in vomiting, diarrhoea and breathing difficulties.

What Can Dogs Eat?

So what can we actually give our furry friends as a treat? They bring us lots of happiness and they deserve it, right?

Apples are great for improve a dogs overall health, they help to satisfy a dog’s desire to chew, while providing a source of pectin. This can help to remove toxins from the intestinal tract, strengthen intestinal muscles and remove harmful bacteria. Carrots are also a healthy treat for your pet, they are low calorie and naturally sweet, and again will satisfy your dog’s desire to chew, whilst aiding blood clotting and energy production.

Bear in mind that treats should only make up one tenth of your dog’s daily intake.

Our infographic below features common snacks that may be harming your dog and it will give you a good insight to what’s classed as a treat or poison. You may be surprised at some of them!

alt text

Will you be changing your dog’s diet after this? If so, are you taking the bad things out, or putting the good ones in? Why not print off the infographic and stick it on your fridge so the rest of the family also know the difference between healthy dog treats vs. what could poison your dog.

Article reposted from:
http://www.preloved.co.uk/blog/permalink/670/be-treatwise-with-your-dog.html
Infographic Source:
http://www.vet-medic.com/blog/2014/08/infographic-treats-vs-poison/

Colorado dog gets prosthetics for all 4 legs

April 5th, 2015

A 2-year-old Rottweiler who lost his paws when he was left out in the freezing cold as a puppy is learning to walk on prosthetics for all four legs.

Laura Aquilina strolls with her 2-year-old Rottweiler Brutus, who was recently fitted with prosthetics on all four paws, and is currently learning to use them, near Aquilina’s home in Loveland, Colo.

Brutus received the prosthetics through the donations of hundreds of people. New owner Laura Aquilina of Loveland says the ultimate goal is to give Brutus the gift of being a dog.

Felix Deurr, an orthopedics professor at Colorado State University who focuses on small animals, says such prosthetics have been developed only in the past 15 years. A study on their effectiveness is due out later this year.

A good Samaritan noticed Brutus’ injuries when he was offered for adoption in a store parking lot in Canon City. A breeder amputated Brutus’ paws after they were frostbitten. The breeder could not be contacted.

Story reposted from:
http://tbo.com/health/colorado-dog-gets-prosthetics-for-all-4-legs-20150403/

How Healthy is your Dog?

April 2nd, 2015

Your dog needs to be kept healthy – doing so can increase your dog’s longevity. Animal Health Company provides top tips to keep your dog on track for a long life. From ensuring your beloved pet has the right nutrition to health needs, exercise, grooming and dental care. Below is the infographic provides information “How to keep your Dog Healthy?”

[click image below to enlarge & better reading]

Article reposted from:
http://animal-health.co.uk/news/how-healthy-is-you-dog-html.html
Courtesy: Animal Health Company

Scientists take a step brazen to know causes for dog bone cancer

April 1st, 2015

Researchers during a University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine have identified resource that might give some cancer cells a ability to form tumors in dogs. Results of a investigate are suspicion to yield new targets for destiny treatments that could urge outcomes for dog patients. Furthermore, investigate might also have implications for tellurian cancers by detailing a new pathway for swelling formation.

Understanding probable biological triggers for dog bone cancer can assistance formulating new treatments and even yield new insights for osteosarcoma mechanisms in humans as well. Photo courtesy: Nik Hawkins

During a investigate they examined dungeon lines generated from dogs with osteosarcoma, also famous as a common bone cancer that also affects people. Researchers were perplexing to expose because usually some cells beget tumors. Cells were taken after dogs underwent tumor-removal medicine and afterwards were grown in a lab. This led to 6 opposite cancer dungeon lines, that were afterwards transplanted into mice.

The researchers found several hundred genes that voiced differently between a tumor-forming and no tumor-forming dungeon lines. However, a protein called frizzled-6 was benefaction during levels 8 times aloft in cells that shaped tumors. This protein acts like a receiving wharf for sold forms of information, relaying signals from a outward to a inside of a cell.

It creates molecular connectors that activate pathways, some of that umpire a growth, separate and emigration of cells when operative properly. But when they are not operative properly, tumors and tumor-initiating cells might appear. However, a accurate purpose of frizzled-6 in this routine is not nonetheless entirely understood, though scientists consider a countenance might be stopping a sold signaling pathway and contributing to a arrangement of tumor-initiating cells.

Further investigate is needed, though frizzled-6 protein in a destiny might turn new aim for innovative treatment. Bettering a bargain of a purpose of this protein would assistance urge a correctness of a prognoses, though many questions and a lot of work in a investigate sojourn to be approached. However, this work will assistance not usually for canines, though for humans as well.

Now scientists will try to make certain that frizzled-6 is truly what gives these cells a ability to form new tumors. But from here investigate will separate into dual parts. Timothy Stein will continue this line of investigate in tellurian cancer patients, while, a lead author on a study, Lucas Rodrigues, is stability a review in dogs.

Osteosarcoma is fundamentally a carcenogenic swelling in a bone. Typically it afflicts prime vast and hulk multiply dogs such as irish wolfhounds, greyhounds, german shepherds, rottweilers and others. But it is a many common histological form of primary bone cancer in humans as well, many prevalent in children and immature adults. Finding causes that could potentially turn targets for innovative treatments, would assistance both animals and humans.

When if ever a formula of this investigate are going to find ways into clinical applications we will have to wait and see. But even now they yield wish that some-more effective diagnosis process can be grown once mechanisms of osteosarcoma combining are accepted better. It could assistance both, humans and best man’s friends.

Article reposted from:
http://wavesmagazine.in/scientists-take-a-step-forward-to-understand-causes-for-canine-bone-cancer/
Source: wisc.edu