Archive for the ‘Dogs Health’ Category

How to Calculate Your Dog's Age

Wednesday, October 29th, 2014

It’s common knowledge that dog’s age faster than people. But the conventional wisdom that one dog year equals seven human years is an oversimplified view of how old your dog is in human years. Although a dog’s age averages out this way, there is quite a bit of variation. For example, dogs mature more quickly than children in the first couple of years. So the first year of a dog’s life is equal to about 15 human years, rather than seven.

Size and breed also influence the rate at which a dog ages. Although smaller dogs tend to live longer than larger dogs, they may mature more quickly in the first few years of life. A large dog may mature more slowly at first but already be considered elderly at age five. Small and toy breeds don’t become “seniors” until around age 10. Medium-sized breeds are somewhere in the middle in terms of maturation and lifespan.

In the chart below, use these general ranges for dog size:

  • Small dog = 20 pounds or less
  • Medium dog = 21-50 pounds
  • Large dog = More than 50 pounds

Translating Dog Years into Human Years

How to Determine a Dog’s Age

If you’ve adopted a puppy or dog but don’t know the dog’s history, you may wonder how old he is. Even if you don’t know the birth date, it is still possible to estimate your dog’s age.

Teeth can give a rough indication of a dog’s age. The degree of growth helps determine how old a puppy is, and the degree of wear and tartar helps estimate the age of an adult dog. Of course, there are individual differences between dogs. And a dog’s previous dental care will have an impact on the health of teeth.

Here are some general guidelines:

  • By 8 weeks: All baby teeth are in.
  • By 7 months: All permanent teeth are in and are white and clean.
  • By 1-2 years: Teeth are duller and the back teeth may have some yellowing.
  • By 3-5 years: All teeth may have tartar build-up and some tooth wear.
  • By 5-10 years: Teeth show more wear and signs of disease.
  • By 10-15 years: Teeth are worn, and heavy tartar build-up is likely with the possibility of some teeth missing.

Your vet can also estimate a dog’s age based on a complete physical exam or tests looking at bones, joints, muscles, and internal organs. In older dogs, signs of aging may show up in a variety of ways, including:

  • A cloudy appearance in the eyes
  • Graying hair, especially around the muzzle at first, and spreading to other areas of the face, head, and body
  • Less skin elasticity
  • Stiffness

Article reposted from:
http://pets.webmd.com/dogs/how-to-calculate-your-dogs-age
Article Sources:
AVMA: “Frequently Asked Questions about caring for an older pet.”
Purina: “Your Dog’s Age in Human Years” and “Caring For Your Older Dog.”
National Pet Wellness Month: “Pet Age Calculator” and “Pet Aging Chart.”
Humane Society: “How to Determine a Cat’s or Dog’s Age.”

Make Halloween a treat not trick for your dog

Monday, October 27th, 2014

Keep your dog safe this Halloween by following a few simple steps. Halloween poses a number of health and welfare risks to dogs, from eating foods that can be toxic to man’s best friend, such as chocolate and some sweets, to being scared by trick or treaters and children in costumes.

Dogs at Halloween

Chocolate and sweets may be found in abundance around your home at this time of year, and although these may be a treat for us humans, they can make our canine companions very unwell.

Chocolate

Chocolate contains a chemical called theobromine, which is poisonous to dogs, as well as other animals such as cats, rodents and rabbits. Generally speaking, the darker and more expensive the chocolate, the more theobromine it contains, and therefore the more poisonous it is.  White chocolate contains very little theobromine and so is unlikely to cause chocolate poisoning, but is still very fatty and can make your dog ill.

Chocolate can initially cause vomiting and diarrhea, but is a stimulant and so can cause your dog to become excitable, as well as develop muscle twitching, tremors, fitting and life threatening problems with their heart.

Sweets

If available in large quantities some dogs may gorge themselves on sugary sweets kept aside for, or collected by, trick-or-treaters.  After eating lots of sugar, or even lots of fat, dogs can develop pancreatitis (an inflammation of the pancreas), which may cause them to be off their food, develop vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy and go into organ failure.

Some sugar-free sweets and chewing gums contain an artificial sweetener called xylitol, which can be very poisonous to dogs. Xylitol can cause an otherwise healthy dog’s blood sugar level to drop to dangerous levels and can also cause liver failure.

Obstruction risks

If eaten, sweet wrappers, lollipop sticks, food containers/ boxes, or even small parts from a Halloween costume can all cause an obstruction in your dog’s gut.  This can be very dangerous and may require surgical intervention.  Signs of an obstruction may include your dog being off their food, vomiting, lethargy and not defecating or finding it difficult to defecate.

What to do if your dog has eaten chocolate, lots of sweets or items which could cause an obstruction?

  • Consult your local veterinary practice immediately
  • It is important that your veterinary practice make an informed decision as to whether your dog needs to be clinically assessed or treated.  Where possible ensure that you tell them:
    • What your dog has eaten
    • How much has been eaten
    • When it was eaten
    • Do not try and make your dog sick- trying to do this can sometimes cause other complications, which can make your dog unwell.

Carved pumpkins

Keep candlelit carved pumpkins out of the way of waggy tails and nosey noses.  A knocked over candle may cause your dog to become burnt, or may in turn cause a house fire.  Keep all candles, and all candlelit pumpkins, out of the way of your dogs.  Place any lit items on surfaces that are not likely to reached or jolted by your dog.

Trick-or-treaters

Frequent calls at the door from costumed trick-or-treaters may make your dog anxious or stressed. Think about how your dog is when you usually have visitors at the door, and take extra precautions to keep your dog calm and in a quiet and safe place throughout the evening.  Masks and costumes can cause even the most familiar people to look and smell different to a dog, so if going out trick-or-treating you may wish to leave your dog at home.

Article reposted from:
http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/health/dogs-at-halloween
Image Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/pintavelloso/

Supercharge your Dog's Health with these 10 Human Foods

Thursday, October 23rd, 2014

People food bad for Pooches? No way! Contrary to what many people think when it comes to feeding your furkid there are 10 readily available, relatively cheap human foods that are especially good for their health that can be used in conjunction with any commercial or homemade food.

We’ve all seen the specially formulated pet diet ‘boosters’, supplements and vitamins, but these 10 natural foods will absolutely supercharge your dog’s diet and improve not only their skin and coat but their overall health – 100% Guaranteed! If you’re already doing it, keep up the good work! If not, try adding some of these readily available items from the Health Food Shop, Greengrocer or Supermarket to their diet on a regular basis.

1. Coconut

If you haven’t jumped on the Coconut Oil bandwagon yet, it’s high time. Coconut contains medium-chain saturated fats which have anti-inflammatory properties and can reduce bacterial growth. You can simply add coconut oil to your dog’s food or sprinkle organic and unsweetened coconut on the food. For more info on the benefits of Coconut Oil and how much to feed your dog, check out this post. Coconut Oil can also be used topically to heal skin abrasions, dry spots and sores.

2. Chia Seeds

Chia seeds are a rich source of antioxidants, B vitamins, and numerous minerals (e.g. calcium, copper, iron, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, and magnesium). They also contain loads of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), which is an essential Omega-3 fatty acid for dogs. Omega-3 fatty acids are anti-inflammatory and are effective in combating chronic skin problems such as inflammation and infection. To add chia seeds to your dog’s diet, simply sprinkle the seeds on top of your dog’s food every day.

Coconut Oil, Chia Seeds and Carob

3. Carob

We know dogs shouldn’t have sugar or chocolate, but they do ruv the taste of carob because it is sweet. Carob is also nutritious – it is jam-packed with vitamins (A, B1, B2, B3, E) and minerals (e.g. calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus). The vitamin E in carob supports the skin since vitamin E has anti-viral and anti-bacterial properties. Use carob or carob chips when baking dog biscuits for your dog.

4. Sardines in Water

Sardines provide a rich source of Omega-3 fatty acids, which have anti-inflammatory properties and support the skin and coat. Once or twice a week, add some sardines in spring water to your dog’s meals. They absolutely love the taste!

5. Manuka Honey

Raw, unfiltered honey is packed with nutrition that can benefit you and your pooch. High in antioxidants, anti-microbials and natural enzymes, medical studies have identified raw honey’s ability to help heal gut problems, manage diarrhea and soothe sore throats. Known as “The King of honey”, Manuka is celebrated for its super health benefits and has been shown in clinical trials to kill more than 250 strains of bacteria. It can also be used topically to heal wounds and burns. Please note: If your pet is diabetic, consult with a vet before feeding honey, since its high sugar content can increase insulin levels. Also avoid feeding honey to overweight pets; at 64 calories per tablespoon, it can contribute to weight gain! (We don’t recommend giving honey to very young or immune compromised pets due to botulism risks).

6. Organic Alfalfa Powder

Alfalfa contains a broad spectrum of nutrients, including protein trace minerals, dietary fiber, and vitamins A, B1, B12, C, D, E, and K. It is also very high in chlorophyll, which is to serve as an antioxidant in the bloodstream. But in addition to being highly nutritive, alfalfa can bring long term relief from arthritis to dogs and cats who receive it as a daily food supplement. Alfalfa also possesses cancer preventative qualities. It is believed that alfalfa induces complex cellular activities that serve to inactivate chemical carcinogens in the liver and small intestine before they can cause damage; thus helping to reduce the risk of cancerous growth.

Sardines in Springwater, Manuka Honey and Organic Alfalfa Powder

7. Kefir

Kefir is a creamy, dairy based food made from the milk of cows or goats and is one of the oldest forms of cultured milk. Often labeled a “Probiotic Drink”, it is similar in taste and consistency to yoghurt, but kefir provides even more health benefits to your dog (and to you). One tablespoon of kefir typically contains about 10 strains and 5 billion beneficial bacteria. Wow! Only the best of Probiotic Supplements for dogs even comes close, and it comes to you at a fraction of the price of prepared supplement.

8. Organic Kelp Powder

Kelp is a great source of minerals, such as iodine, iron, and Vitamins B1, B2, C, and E. These vitamins are important for maintaining proper health and are responsible for bone growth, heart health, and maintaining muscle strength. Kelp also acts to increase metabolism and balance blood lipid concentrations.

9. Sweet Potato

Unlike their boring white cousins, sweet potatoes contain high levels of vitamins A, C, and E and beta-carotene, as well as a host of minerals such as calcium, iron, copper and potassium. Vitamin E supports the skin, and so does vitamin C – it helps speed up healing and supports collagen production. Try making sweet potato chips for your dog – sprinkle olive oil on thinly sliced sweet potatoes and bake them in the oven until they turn crispy. Delicious and healthy for both humans and dogs.

Kefir, Organic Kelp Powder, Sweet Potato and Eggs

10. Eggs

Cheap and safe, raw OR cooked, the egg is one of the most complete and nutritious foods you can feed your Pooch. Containing Vitamin A, Riboflavin, Folate, B12, Iron, Selenium and Fatty Acids; a fresh, free range egg a few times a week is an awesome addition to your dog’s diet.

Article reposted from:
http://puppytales.com.au/2014/06/09/supercharge-your-dogs-health-with-these-10-human-foods/

Written by: Alla Keogh

Getting Ticks Off of Your Dog

Monday, October 20th, 2014

If your dog spends time outside in areas where ticks like to hang out, a tick check should be part of your daily routine.

Even the best repellents may not prevent these parasites from latching onto your pooch. And since it can take 24 to 48 hours for an attached tick to transmit an infection to its host, it’s important to promptly and properly remove these parasites.

Image Source: www.servicedogcertifications.org

Check, please!

First, run your fingers slowly over your dog’s entire body. If you feel a bump or swollen area, check to see if a tick has burrowed there. Don’t limit your search to your dog’s torso: check between his toes, under his armpits, the insides of his ears, and around his face and chin.

Don’t limit tick checks to your canine family members. Dogs can’t directly transmit tick-borne illnesses to people, but ticks can move from host to host. A tick may enter your home on your dog’s back and move on to another pet or human, or a tick could hitch a ride on you and then move on to one of your pets. A good tick prevention strategy includes checking all family members for these parasites, especially after outdoor activities in wooded, leafy, or grassy areas.

Is it a tick?

Ticks can be black, brown, or tan, and they have eight legs. Ticks are arachnids and related to spiders, not insects. They can also be tiny—some tick species are only as large as the head of a pin—so look carefully.

In some areas of the United States where there is no real winter, ticks are active all year, not just in the summer months. Even in areas where there has been a killing frost with the approach of winter, ticks can become active again if the weather turns warm for more than a day or two.

Safe tick removal

If you find a tick on your dog, don’t panic! Follow these quick and easy steps to safely remove the pest.

1: Get your gear

  • Pair of gloves
  • Clean pair of tweezers or a commercial tick remover
  • Antiseptic
  • Isopropyl alcohol

2: Remove the tick

Wear gloves while removing the tick to avoid contact with your skin (ticks can transmit diseases to people, too).

If you’re using tweezers:

  • Grasp the tick as close to your dog’s skin as possible, but be gentle! Try not to pinch your dog’s skin.
  • Pull outward in a straight, steady motion, making sure that you’ve removed the entire tick, since anything left behind could lead to an infection.

If you’re using a tick remover:

  • Gently press the remover against your dog’s skin near the tick.
  • Slide the notch of the remover under the tick.
  • Continue sliding the remover until the tick is caught in the small end of the notch and is pulled free. (The tick will remain in the bowl of the remover.)

3: Store the evidence

Drop the tick into a small container that contains isopropyl alcohol (the alcohol will quickly kill the tick), and mark the date on the container. If your dog begins displaying symptoms of a tick-borne illness, your veterinarian may want to identify or test the tick.

4: Praise your patient

Clean your dog’s skin with antiseptic and make sure to clean your tweezers or tick remover with isopropyl alcohol. Wash your hands, too! Then give your pup a treat for being a trooper in the fight against ticks.

Follow up

Keep an eye on the area where the tick was to see if an infection surfaces. If the skin remains irritated or infected, make an appointment with your veterinarian.

Watch your dog for symptoms of tick-borne diseases. Some symptoms include arthritis or lameness that lasts for three to four days, reluctance to move, swollen joints, fever, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, loss of appetite, and neurological problems.

Article Source:
http://www.humanesociety.org/animals/dogs/tips/getting_ticks_off_dog.html

Image Source:
http://www.servicedogcertifications.org/remove-ticks-dog/

7 Top Canine Health Problems

Sunday, October 19th, 2014

Canines unfortunately do not complain of their health or tell you they are in pain. The most serious health problems can be prevented by vaccinations and regular treatment, yet it would help to have a look at the 7 top canine health problems.

1) Vomiting and Diarrhea:

It could be caused by an infection known as parvovirus, or when the canine swallows inappropriate foods and objects like little toys, items of clothing, chocolate, or gum wrappers. It is the cause of concern when a dog repeatedly vomits for more than a day and it is characterized with blood in vomit or diarrhea, dark or black diarrhea, lethargy, weight loss, fever, or a change in appetite. Prevent dehydration by giving the dog plenty of fresh water to drink. As a general rule avoid feeding your dog food for 12 to 24 hours or until your vet advices you.

2) Heartworms:

It is a serious and potentially deadly disease where parasites infect the dog’s heart and arteries and show up as symptoms like coughing to lethargy, collapsing, and depression. Developed when canines are exposed to the larvae by a mosquito bite, these larvae could develop into large worms that could progress to heart failure and death. Treatment includes medications to kill the parasites and surgery in advanced cases. Heart worms can however be prevented by daily oral medications, topicals, injections, and a simple, once-a-month pill.

3) Kennel Cough:

Known to be a highly contagious form of bronchitis, it creates inflammation in the dog’s voice box and windpipe. Most commonly caused by exposure to other infected dogs, either at doggie daycare, the groomer’s, or a kennel, the treatment lies in giving the canine antibiotics as well as letting it run its course. It would help using a humidifier or taking your pet dog into a steam filled bathroom.

4) Lower urinary tract problems:

Some of the most common problems include incontinence, bacterial infections, bladder stones, and even cancer and could cause symptoms like frequent urination, producing small amounts of urine, blood in the urine, incontinence, straining or crying in pain when trying to urinate, vomiting, fever, and weight loss. Some of the treatment options include antibiotics, dietary changes, and surgery to remove bladder stones or a tumor.

5) Obesity:

Also a common health problem in canines, dogs could face risks of joint pain, diabetes, and liver disease. Consult a vet for a suitable diet and exercise plan if your dog is overweight and you cannot feel its backbone and ribs without pressing.  Increase the calorie output and decrease the calorie input by reducing snacks or treats, feed him small meals throughout the day, and make it a point to take him to the park to play and run around.

6) Broken bones or fractures:

One of the most common problem, it could show up as symptoms like limping, not moving, with its treatment lying in surgery, splint or a cast.

7) Dental disease:

Periodontal disease, an infection of the gums affects most dogs by the age of 2 and could be linked to heart disease, diabetes, kidney disease, and other serious dog health problems. Symptoms range from smelly breath to difficulty eating and facial swelling, with the treatment lying in removing dental plaque and teeth if necessary. This disease could be prevented by regular check-ups with a vet dentist, giving your dog rawhide chews, and regularly brushing your pet’s teeth with dog toothpaste.

Regular vet visits and preventive steps with prompt attention from a vet in case of any unusual behavior or symptom could keep your canine in good health and also lead to speedy recovery.

Article reposted from:
http://daycare.sulekha.com/care-corner_7-top-canine-health-problems_blog_7336

FOUR GREAT DOG EXERCISES

Friday, October 17th, 2014

1) Walking:

Walking is a great activity for any dog. Walking doesn’t stress joints, can be done in almost any weather, and lets your dog explore.

No matter how well behaved and trained you believe your dog is, keep him on a leash. The local wildlife, other dogs, people and other outside activities can be a big distraction, and you don’t want your friend to run out of sight or into a street. For off-leash fun, explore your local off-leash dog park.

2) Jogging and Running:

Slowly introduce jogging if your dog is new to the activity. Speed up the pace gradually over several weeks, and watch your dog for signs of fatigue. Keep in mind that the best canine companions for running are medium- to large dogs that are energetic and in excellent health. If you have any questions or concerns if your dog is fit enough to run, consult your veterinarian.

A couple of cautions:

  • Don’t feed your dog in the hour before or after a run; doing so can cause bloat.
  • Watch the heat! Don’t run with your dog on very hot days as it can lead to heat exhaustion or heatstroke.
  • Pavement can hurt your dog’s paw pads. Look for softer ground like grass or a park.

3) Swimming:

Swimming is a great complete workout that offers both muscle toning and aerobic benefits. It also makes a great lifelong sport because it’s easy on the joints, and a good exercise for dogs with hip dysplasia or arthritis. If mobility or stiffness is a problem for your pet, try to minimize stress on the joints by picking a swimming location that won’t require your pet to maneuver an awkward dock or a steep incline.

Some dogs, including the retrieving breeds, are natural swimmers, while others have no interest in water. If your dog refuses to consider water sports, don’t force it. If your dog is just lukewarm about swimming, don’t give up right away. Many dogs grow to enjoy it if they’re introduced to the sport gently and gradually. And it’s a great choice in the summer because your dog won’t overheat.

Keep the first session short and stay at your dog’s side, praising and encouraging forward paddling. If your dog only uses the front legs to swim, you can help by placing a hand under the lower abdomen for support. Soon your dog will get the hang of it and use his rear legs, too.

After a few minutes, show your dog where to get out of the water. With a low-pressure approach, your dog may be swimming in no time. If your dog likes to fetch, toss a buoyant toy into the water.

Watch your dog during any swimming session. If his swimming motion slows down, it’s time to quit for the day. Rinse your dog off to remove any chlorine or give him a quick bath.

4) Fetch:

Most dogs love a good game of fetch, and it can be a lot of fun as well as great exercise.

Choose a toy that your dog likes to hold in the mouth. Soft balls, frisbees, squeaky toys and fleece toys are all good choices. Avoid small balls that your dog could swallow or inhale, and never use sticks because they can tear or puncture your dog’s mouth. Fenced yards or parks are the best places to play – your dog won’t run into foot traffic or the path of a moving vehicle.

5) Activities to Avoid:

Biking and in-line skating are fun for people, but for most dogs, keeping up is too hard. It could be especially dangerous if your pet runs free near roads and traffic. If your dog is on a leash, the strap could tangle in the wheels of your bike or blades and you or your dog could end up seriously hurt.

Exercising with your dog can lead to a lifetime of good health and good times. You may need to adjust your pet’s routine to suit age and physical condition, so check in with your veterinarian.

Article reposted from:
http://www.petco.com/Content/ArticleList/Article/12/1/7658/Four-Great-Dog-Exercises.aspx

Source: www.petco.com

16 Most Common Myths About Dog Health Debunked!

Wednesday, October 15th, 2014

1. Dogs should have a litter before they are spayed.

This is not true. Dogs that have a litter before they are spayed are not better for it in any way. In fact, spayed dogs are at lower risk for breast cancer and uterine infections.

2. Dogs are sick when their noses are warm.

The temperature of a dogs nose does not indicate health or illness or if they have a fever. There is an “old wives tale” that cold wet noses indicate health. And Warm or dry noses indicate a fever or illness. The only accurate method to access a dog’s temperature is to take it with a thermometer. Normal dog temperature is 100.5 to 102.5 degrees F.

3. Mutts are always healthier than purebred dogs.

This is not true. Both mutts and purebred dogs can be unhealthy. Both can have diseases, however, mutts generally do not have many of the genetic diseases common in purebred lines.

4. All dogs like to be petted on their heads.

Some dogs do like to be petted on their heads but many do NOT.

5. Happy dogs wag their tails.

This may be true but aggressive dogs often wag their tails too. There are several physical body motions and cues that help dogs to communicate their intent. A wagging tail can mean agitation or excitement. A dog that wags his tail slowly and moves his all rear end or crouches down in the classic “play bow” position is usually a friendly wag. Tails that are wagged when held higher, twitches or wagging while held over the back may be associated with aggression.

(Image Source: flickr - Andzs Flaksis)

6. Only male dogs will “hump” or lift their leg to urinate.

This is not true. Female dogs, especially dominant female dogs, will lift their leg to urinate and “hump” other dogs or objects. This can be true even if they are spayed.

7. Table scraps are good for dogs.

Some table scraps such as bones and pieces of fat can be dangerous to some pets. They may not digest the bones and the fat may cause gastrointestinal problems such as pancreatitis.

8. Garlic prevents fleas.

Garlic has not been proven to be helpful for flea control. Large amounts of garlic can even be harmful.

9. Household “pet dogs” don’t need to be trained.

This is not true. Every dog should be trained.

10. Dogs eat grass when they are sick.

Dog descended from wild wolves and foxes that ate all parts of their “kill.” This included the stomach contents of many animals that ate berries and grass. Many scientists believe grass was once part of their normal diet and eating small amounts is normal.

11. Dogs like tasty food.

Dogs have very poor taste buds and eat primarily based on their sense of smell.

12. Licking is Healing.

It is natural for a dog to lick its wound but this not necessarily always “healing.” Too much licking can actually prohibit healing.

13. Dogs will let you know when they are sick.

This is not true. Dogs generally are very good at hiding that they are sick by survival instinct, thus not to appear vulnerable to “prey.” Often by the time they show you that they are sick, their disease or condition is quite advanced.

14. Dogs that are mostly indoors don’t need heartworm prevention.

This is not true. Indoor pets are also at risk for heartworm disease. Heartworm disease is spread by mosquitoes which can come inside.

15. Dogs eat rocks, lick concrete or eat their or another animals stools because of nutrient imbalances.

No one knows why dogs eat “stuff” that they shouldn’t eat. Some veterinarians believe that some dogs that eat “things” may be trying to get attention or acting out of boredom. It is important for dogs to eat a well balanced diet that will fulfill their dietary and nutrient requirements.

16. Dogs don’t need to housebroken–they naturally know where to go.

Oh, if only this were true. You need to train your dog on where to go. This preferably happens when you start young and give him positive encouragement for jobs well done.

Article reposted from:
http://webcenters.netscape.compuserve.com/homerealestate/feature.jsp?story=dogmyths

By Dr. Debra Primovic (PetPlace.com)

Anal Gland Cancer in Dogs known as Anal Sac Adenocarcinoma

Friday, October 10th, 2014

A dog is a man’s best friend, but like any other living being, a dog can suddenly get sick. Like how a human body is complicated, a dog’s body is complicated and then some. There are a few things that you’ll need to be aware of in terms of a dog’s health.

One of the diseases that your dog may suffer from is anal gland cancer, also known as anal sac adenocarcinoma. This is usually seen as an unusual growth at the rear part of the dog. This kind of disease is known to spread throughout the dog’s body if not treated immediately.

The cause of this disease is not directly known, but it can be said that it can also possibly happen to cats, albeit only rarely. This anal gland cancer in dogs is sometimes blamed on an imbalance with the hormone parathyroid which is often found near a dog’s anal area. Sometimes, it can be linked to Hypercalcemia or excessive calcium in a dog’s blood.

List of Dogs Breeds Where Anal Gland Cancer is Observed:

There is no scientific evidence that anal gland cancer can happen to certain dogs more often, but there is a small list of breeds where this disease is often observed:

  • English Cocker Spaniel
  • German Shepherd
  • Alaskan Malamute
  • Dachshund
  • Springer Spaniel

It was also observed that this disease occurs among middle-aged and older dogs, but there is no information that this happens to a certain gender more often than the other.

(Image Source: Pixabay)

Symptoms of Anal Gland Cancer in Dogs:

Aside from rectal growth, symptoms that you may need to observe are the following:

  • Excessive drinking and urinating of your dog
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Bradycardia or slow heart rate
  • Constipation

There is no known method to prevent this from happening since this is still a rare case among dogs and an even rarer case with cats.

Diagnosis

For further diagnosis, the dog must be brought to a veterinarian so that they can properly observe the symptoms and see if there are any rectal growths at the dog’s rear. The procedures to determine if the disease is anal gland cancer in dogs or not and if it is malignant or not are as follows:

  • Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy- this is used to check for any growth that can be found “under the skin.” A hollow needle is stuck into the area with the growth, allowing it to be “stained,” or to get a piece of what is inside the growth and then observing it under a microscope. This is the very first step in checking for anal gland cancer in dogs.
  • Full Biopsy – when worse comes to worst and a needle biopsy is unable to determine what disease your dog has, a full biopsy will be needed. For this procedure, an incision will be made on the growth and then it will be tested to finally determine what disease your dog has.
  • X-rays and Ultrasound – this may be needed if the growth at the dog’s rear has become really large to see if it has become a tumor. Observation inside the dog’s body is needed and an X-ray or an ultrasound will be able to do that.

Once the diagnosis shows it is indeed anal gland cancer in dogs, an operation can be performed to remove the tumor in the rectal growth, as well as any lymph nodes that were affected. After the operation, there are still a few things that must be performed to make sure this will not happen again:

  • Radiation treatment may become necessary to ensure that the cancer cells will die out.
  • Blood work is also needed to see if there is any excess calcium in the dog’s body.
  • Further physical examinations, X-rays, and ultrasounds may become necessary as well.

Operating on the tumor will not be able to guarantee the successful treatment of the disease, but the operation can help in improving your dog’s overall health.

Article reposted from:
http://coolrareanimals.hubpages.com/hub/Disease-Anal-Gland-Cancer-In-Dogs-And-Their-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment

By Cool Rare Animals

Diabetic issues in dogs

Thursday, October 2nd, 2014

Diabetes in dogs becomes so common on our society. There are two types of Diabetes mellitus that your dog may face. The study reveals one in five hundred dogs show the indication of diabetes mellitus. Some dog breeds like Keeshond, Poodles, Beagle, Labrador retriever, Old English sheepdog, West Mountainous white terrier, etc, are more prone to diabetes.

Different Diabetic issues:

Canine diabetic issues include diabetic melitus and diabetes insipidus. Both type of diabetes are related with endocrine disorder groups. The physical body system that produces the body hormone ends up being defective and this become the major cause of diabetes. Functions of kidneys are also disturbed during the diabetes. Diabetes mellitus is based upon insulin insufficiency. Hormones play the crucial part in sugar metabolic rate, as well as these attributes prevail in 2 kinds mainly.

Some symptoms of diabetes include Lethargy, Excessive water consumption, Incomprehensible weight gain or loss, etc. Lethargy is a typical sign and symptom of numerous other canine diseases and can your dog can also face it during the Diabetes.

Diet plan and treatment:

There are different types of diet plan that you should offer to your dog according to his/her condition. Dogs experiencing some issues in pancreas should not eat foodstuff that contain large content of fats. Food rich in fiber can help dogs to absorb carbohydrates much better as Carbohydrate lowers the blood sugar material in the blood.  To reduce blood sugar level feed your dog food full of fiber. Organic natural herbs can also be included in the diet regimen of the dogs facing diabetes. These can be Bejak, Vinegar, Cinnamon, Grapefruit, herbal extracts, etc.

Veterinarians prefer Vetsulin for canine diabetic issues. Vetsulin is composed of amorphous blood insulin and crystalline blood insulin. This is the most effective medicine to control the diabetes. Only by acquiring these ways you can control diabetes in your dog.

Article reposted from:
http://annewotzak.empowernetwork.com/blog/category/dog-diseases-2

Written by: Anne Wotzak

7 Preventative Health Care Tips for Dogs

Monday, September 29th, 2014

Pet health professionals at Drs. 4 Pets offers their expertise on the most effective measures to keep your dog healthy and strong.

REMEMBER ANNUAL VET VISITS

One of the best ways to prevent health problems in your pets is to maintain annual wellness exams with your veterinarian. Dogs age at a faster rate than humans and their health status can change significantly over the course of a year. Your vet will check your dog from head to toe looking for any changes since the previous visit. Routine lab tests detect early stages of disease before symptoms occur. This early intervention will help your dog live a longer and healthier life.

VACCINATION IS THE BEST PROTECTION

Vaccination is one of the best ways to protect your pet from diseases such as kennel cough, rabies and distemper. Dogs can even be immunized against Lyme disease and canine flu. Some vaccines can be given every 3 years (though annual wellness exams are still recommended). Talk with your veterinarian about which vaccines are best suited for your pet based on age, health status and exposure.

ROUTINE GROOMING IS CRUCIAL TO YOUR DOG’S HEALTH

Routine ear cleaningnail trimming and coat brushing are all beneficial to the health of your dog. Talk to your veterinarian about how to safely clean your dog’s ears. A strong odor or discharge from the ears can be a sign of an infection. Keeping nails trimmed short will keep them from getting caught and injured as well as helping him walk normally. Daily brushing not only prevents mats but also allows you to detect skin problems before they become severe. This brushing can become “spa time” for you and your dog, another great way to bond!

PROTECT YOUR POOCH FROM PARASITES

Heartworms, fleas, ticks and intestinal parasites can have major health consequences for your dog and are easily prevented by regular use of veterinary approved products. Heartworms are transmitted by mosquito bites. Fleas and ticks not only transmit disease, but also cause very itchy skin that is uncomfortable for your pet. With changing weather patterns, it is often difficult to guarantee when mosquitos, fleas and ticks aren’t biting. Intestinal parasites cause diarrhea and vomiting and persistent infections are a health detriment as well as a source of environmental contamination.

PROPER TRAINING MAKES A BETTER CANINE CITIZEN AND FAMILY MEMBER

Imagine a child never taught to mind their manners, clean up or follow safety instructions. A puppy is a lot like a young child. Most dogs surrendered to shelters never received adequate training. Dogs that are well trained are more likely to bond closely with your family. Investing time in training a new puppy will lead to a lifetime of benefit for both you and your dog.

ALWAYS DELIVER GOOD NUTRITION AND REGULAR EXERCISE

One of the keys to lasting health is balanced nutrition. Keep your dog on a high quality diet that addresses their specific health needs, age, breed and activity level. Regular exercise will keep your dog in lean body condition while providing a bonding experience. Work with your veterinarian to create the right nutrition and exercise plan for your dog.

DENTAL CARE IS JUST AS IMPORTANT FOR YOUR DOG

Taking good care of your dog’s teeth is important in maintaining overall health. Infections that start in the mouth can spread to other parts of the body. Plaque and tartar buildup not only causes bad breath, but can also lead to loose teeth that eventually fall out or need to be pulled. Brushing twice weekly with an edible toothpaste is recommended to keep the teeth clean and prevent problems. With a little practice and training many pet owners are finding that brushing their dog’s teeth can be a rewarding experience.

Article reposted from:
http://www.bynaturepetfoods.com/health-care-tips-for-dogs/