The color of your pet’s gum could be a very important indicator of his overall health. But due to lack of awareness and knowledge we hardly take note of this. As responsible dog parents we should make it a point to lift their lips from time to time and examine the color of their gum. It might happen that your otherwise healthy looking pet is actually suffering from a serious illness.
However, gum discoloration, dryness or paleness does not indicate any one type of abnormality. Different colors have varied implications.
Check out the ailments associated with altered color of the gum:
Pale gum – Lack of redness generally stems from anemia caused by a decreased number of red blood cells (RBC). But this thwarted production of RBC could be an indication of underlying illnesses like internal bleeding, low blood pressure or more serious complications.
Brick red gum – If gum becomes brick red in color it means there is an overproduction of red blood cells and augmented circulation of blood in your pet’s body. This occurs when the blood becomes thickened due to dehydration and sunstroke.
Yellowish gum – Gum turns yellow when there is an excess of bilirubin in the blood. This condition results in jaundice which occurs due to liver failure or a blockage of bile ducts.
Blue gum – When there is a lack of oxygen in the blood gum appears blue. This condition is known as cyanosis. Your dog could also be suffering from a lung disease or hypoxia — a pathological condition in which the whole or a part of the body is deprived of adequate supply of oxygen.
Dry gum – When there is an adequate amount of fluids in the body gum appears wet and shiny. But when there is a lack of it (dehydration), they appear dry to the touch.
However, there is a point to be noted. Sometimes you might notice dark pigmentation on his gum or tongue. Let me tell you there is no need to press the panic button because this is quite a natural occurrence. So, only if you come across abnormal conditions like bleeding around the teeth, swelling, discoloration, bleeding and redness of the gum, particularly surrounding the teeth, you should immediately consult the vet.